Abstract: We study robust equilibria in tournaments, where agents endowed with power form coalitions, and the coalition formed with the highest power prevails. We introduce the No-Threat Equilibrium (NTE), a stable partition where if a coalition deviates, then a new coalition could counter by forming an even stronger coalition. The NTE exists for any power function and preferences if and only if the set of feasible coalitions is a ‘Helly’ family.
In contrast, the core is a partition in which no group of agents can profitably deviate by forming a feasible coalition, assuming that other agents do not react to such a deviation. The core is not empty for any power function and preferences if and only if the set of feasible coalitions has a ‘hierarchical-structure’.
The paper also adapts and characterizes other stability concepts to tournaments, including the α-core, β-core, farsighted core and bargaining set.
Keywords: Coalition formation；Robust equilibria；Tournament；Externalities
该文2023年11月发表于Games and Economic Behavior 第142期，该期刊为81818官网学术期刊分级方案A级奖励期刊。